Do you like speed? I know the answer to most people will be yes because this is the time where everyone likes to be fast. Today’s our article is also connected to speed, but this speed is more than your thinking because today we are not talking about anything like supercar or superbike but we are talking about the world’s most powerful Fighter Jet, The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor, which is also one of the fastest Jet. The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor was developed and produced by two big companies Lockheed Martin and Boeing for the USAF (the United States Air Force). Compared to all fighter jets available in the world at present, F-22 Raptor is the most advanced, powerful and most capable.
This fifth-generation fighter jet was developed primarily for air superiority, but equipped with modern technology, this jet specializes in many other types of operations, including ground attack, electronic warfare and signal intelligence. Introduced in 2005, there are many other things about F-22 Raptor fighter jet that you will be stunned to know. So let’s see some of the facts about F-22 Raptors that you should know…
Facts About Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor
The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor Development Project
F-22 Raptor is developed under the Advanced Tactical Fighter program which is an official program of United States Air Force. The Advanced Tactical Fighter program was identified in 1981 under which, on 31 Oct. 1986 two companies Lockheed and Northrop were selected to develop new jets for USAF. Where Lockheed teamed with Boeing and General Dynamics while Northrop made its team with McDonnell Douglas and then they started the development process. 23 April 1991, Donald Rice (Secretary of the USAF) announced the YF-22 (Lockheed and Boeing) as the winner of the ATF competition while YF-23(Northrop and McDonnell Douglas) design was considered stealthier and faster. The F-22’s total program cost was US$67.3 billion (as of 2010). The cost of one F -22 raptor aircraft is an estimated $334 million including research and development cost. The production of this fighter jet lasted from 1996 to 2011, although the F-22 Raptor is still providing service for USAF.
Design Of Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor
As I mentioned above, the F-22 Raptor is the most advanced fighter jet, F-22 Raptor is the first operational aircraft that combine sensor fusion, supercruise, super maneuverability, and stealth in a single weapons platform. It has four empennages (Jet tail) surface, Which provides more stability to it. This single seater aircraft designed with a tricycle fashioned retractable landing gear and clipped delta(triangle shaped) wings with reverse trailing edge sweep and leading edge extensions running to the upper outboard corner of the inlets. F-22 raptor developed with a twin-engine Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100 which is an afterburning turbofan engine specially made for F-22 raptor by Pratt & Whitney. This fighter jet is one of the few jets that can maintain supercruise or supersonic flight without using fuel-efficient afterburners.
The structure of F-22 raptor 2 built with a significant amount of high-strength materials so that it can face withstand stress and heat of sustained supersonic flight. In the composition of titanium alloys, respectively, 39% and 24% of structural weight are included. The Cockpit of F-22 Raptor is made of strong glass, in which all-digital flight equipment and devices have been set up well. In the middle there is a monochrome display, which is called the head-up display, on this display, you can see the entire view of the field and all other necessary information without moving your head from the viewpoint.
The dimensions of the canopy of F-22 Raptor is approximately 355 cm × 115 cm × 69 cm with 360-pound weight and it lasted an average of 800 hours. The only seat available in this jet is based on the Advanced Concept Ejection Seat, which is usually used in all Jets of USAF, along with a center-mounted ejection control. Like all the other aircraft, It has also a life support system in which the onboard oxygen generation system (OBOGS), protective pilot garments, and a breathing regulator/anti-g (BRAG) valve includes for controlling flow and pressure to the mask of the pilot and as well as the garments. And at the if we have to measure this aircraft in short so we can say F-22 Raptor is a single crew capable aircraft which length is 62 ft and 1 inch and height is 16 ft and 8 inches.
Weapons Of F-22 Raptor
The F-22 Raptor is the most dangerous fighter jet in the world and that’s because of its weapons. In F-22 raptor, there are three different internal weapons bays, first and the large bay available bottom of the fuselage and two other bays are available on the left and right sides of the fuselage. The main bay is divided with the centerline and can carry six LAU-142 / A launchers for off-scene-range missiles, and each side is LAU-141 / A Launcher for low-range missiles in the Bay. In the large bay, four launchers can be replaced with placing 2 large bomb racks, in which one 1,000 lb (450 kg) or four 250 lb (110 kg) bombs can be filled in each rack. F-22 JDAM can carry air-to-surface weapons like bombs with guidance and small diameter bombs, but it can not self-designate for laser-guided weapons. Along with these, it has guns 1× 20 mm M61A2 Vulcan 6-barrel rotary cannon which is capable to fire 480 rounds. With these kinds of weapons abilities, F-22 Raptor is always ready for war, even if the battle is Skyy or the ground attack does not matter.
In the F-22 raptor, the major avionics are BAE Systems EINDAN / ALR-94 Electronic Warfare System, Lockheed Martin AN / AAR-56 Infrared and Ultraviolet Missile Launch Detector (MLD) and Northrop Grumman AN / APG-77 were actively electronically scanned in avionics Array (AESA) radar included. In all the technically complex instruments of the aircraft, the ALR-94 system is the most advanced, which is an inactive radar detector, which works with more than 30 antennas, and for all-round radar warning receiver (RWR) coverage it mixed into the wings and fuselage. APG-77 radar is another integral part, it has a low-observable, active-aperture, electronically scanned array that is able to track multiple targets under any kind of weather conditions.
Top Speed Of F 22 Raptor
Although F 22 raptor is not the fastest jet but it is one of the fastest fighter jets with a speed of 2.25 Mach. It can It climbs at a rate of 62,000 feet per minute. But there are so many factors that can affect this such as outside air temperature, Airflow, fuel level, weapons count. There is always a debate over the top speed of the F-22 raptor because absolutely no correct result has been found, but most of the Expert has shown agree on the speed above which I have stated.
Cost Per Aicraft
When a fighter jet is equipped with the most advanced technology and providing you so many facilities, it will not be difficult to guess that it will be quite expensive too. The F-22 Raptor is one of the most expensive Fighter jets in world history, After accumulating all additional expenses, if the calculation is made, then the F-22 raptor aircraft costs around $ 334 million per aircraft with a cost of approximately $150 per each additional unit. Although it is a very influential aircraft, but being so expensive, it has always been in disputes. F-22 raptor, which provides its services only to USAF, has been the subject of discussion several times in the US security meetings. Disputes arising in the purchase and non-purchase of this aircraft was ended in 2011 when the US government decided to stop production of it. However, the aircraft is still employed in the service of the USAF.
Cost Per Hour
Not only to buy but to use the F-22 Raptor is also quite expensive. The US government has to pay approximately $ 44,259 to use this aircraft for just one hour, but these figures were in accordance with the old data when the new figures came in, they were with more surprising because according to them the F -22 raptor per hour cost is $ 49,808. Although there are only a few such occasions came yet, and will come in the future, when this aircraft is needed, but whenever it will be used, the US government will have to pay a good price.
Range And Kill Ration
One of the characteristics of this aircraft is its Range, the range of F-22 Raptor is 1,600 nmi, that is 1,841 mi (2,963 km) with 2 external fuel tanks. And the ferry range of this aircraft is 1,740 nmi, that is 2,000 mi (3,220 km), which is more than most of the top jets in many countries. Now let’s come to the kill ratio, The kill ratio of F-22 makes it better and more effective than other fighter jets like F-15 and F-5. The kill ratio of F-22 Raptor is 108:0, which is far better than most of the aircraft. And this is why this aircraft is considered to be one of the biggest powers of the US government.
Here I used weight word for two different things, first, how much is the weight of this aircraft and second, how much the maximum takeoff weight of this aircraft, so first let’s know how much weight of this aircraft is. The empty weight of F-22 Raptor is 43,340 lb which is around 19,659 kg, and the gross weight of F-22 Raptor is 64,840 lb which is around 29,411 kg. Now come to the maximum takeoff weight, so the maximum takeoff weight is something which the pilot is allowed to attempt to take off because of the structure of the aircraft. The maximum takeoff weight of F-22 Raptor is 83,500 lb which is around 37,875 kg.
Fuel capacity is a point that can prove any fighter jet more powerful and weak than others, and F-22 Raptor is much better than many other jets in relation to fuel capacities. An internal and two external fuel tanks are available in this aircraft, in which the capacitance of internal fuel tank is 18,000 lb or approximately 8,200 kg, and the combined capacity of both the external fuel tanks is 26,000 lb is approximately 12,000 kg, and that makes this aircraft quite durable compared to other fighter jets.
However, this fighter jet has so many great features, but one feature that makes this aircraft a dangerous weapon is its stealth technology which makes very difficult to find this jet on the radar. Although earlier many people claimed that the F-22 raptor does not appear on the radar, it is invisible on the radar, but it is not true, due to the wings of this aircraft it appears on the radar but very small In size, which becomes difficult to recognize at some times. This feature can prove to be very helpful in the war because at that time many fighter jets pilot will not be able to recognize such a small movement on the radar.
Average Life Span
As I mentioned above, due to being quite expensive, the production of F-22 raptor was discontinued in 2011, but the aircraft is still in service and it will still be working for the USAF for many years and the reason for this is its age. The average life of this aircraft is approximately 30 years, and it was made according to this. And in these 30 years of its average life, this aircraft can fly at least 8000 flights, which makes it more useful for USAF.
First Flight Of F-22 Raptor
The F-22 raptor, built under the 15-year plan, had to wait a lot for its first flight, this f-22 raptor, introduced in front of the world on December 15, 2005, had its first official flight on 7 September 1997 and That proved to be a successful flight. After the first flight was successful in 1997, this aircraft had to wait a lot for its first combat flight. F-22 raptor found its first combat mission in 2014 when it was included in Syria to target terrorists in an operation against ISIS.
So these are some points that can help you to know about the world’s most powerful fighter jet F-22 raptor. Hopefully, this information about F-22 raptor will prove useful to you. If you have any kind of confusion in the information given by us or if there is any question in your mind then you can ask us in the comments section.